What year does under the feet of Jesus take place?

What time period is under the feet of Jesus?

Historical Context of Under the Feet of Jesus

In the 1960s, activists Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta fought to improve rights and quality of life for Latino agricultural workers, eventually forming the United Farm Workers union and compelling commercial growers to bargain with their employees.

Where does under the feet of Jesus take place?

Under the Feet of Jesus is a 1995 book by Helena Maria Viramontes and her first published novel. It was released in the United States by Plume and follows the lives of a Mexican-American migrant family working in the California grape fields.

What is under the feet of Jesus by Helena María Viramontes about?

A moving and powerful novel about the lives of the men, women, and children who endure a second-class existence and labor under dangerous conditions as migrant workers in California’s fields. At the center of this powerful tale is Estrella, a girl about to cross the perilous border to womanhood.

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What is the significance of the title under the feet of Jesus?

The title of the book refers to birth certificates and other important documents kept in a portable statue of Jesus that moves with the family to each new location along the agricultural production cycle.

What happened to Alejo in under the feet of Jesus?

Despite his optimism, Alejo is seriously injured after getting caught in a pesticide spray and becomes reliant on Estrella and Petra for care; by the end of the novel, his condition has deteriorated so much that they are forced to leave him at the hospital, not knowing if he will live or die.

What does Petra keep under the feet of Jesus?

If they stop you, if they try to pull you into the green vans, you tell them the birth certificates are under the feet of Jesus, just tell them. She envied the car, then envied the landlord of the car who could travel from one splat dot to another.

What is Petra’s most sacred possession?

The icon is one of the only possessions that goes everywhere with Petra. In a way, her reliance on the icon and the religion it represents replaces reliance on the consumer goods that normally furnish a home.

What does the barn symbolize in under the feet of Jesus?

In this sense, the barn represents the importance of Estrella’s inner life and the need to carve out some solitude in the midst of her crowded life. … At the same time, the barn is under threat from Perfecto, who wants to tear it down and sell the materials.

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Where was Estrella when Alejo kissed her hand?

When Alejo kisses her palm, Estrella flees to the barn, seeking its cool and quiet refuge.

What happened to Estrella’s father?

Estrella’s father left the family some years ago. When Perfecto became Petra’s companion, Estrella resented him. However, they get along better now. He taught her how to use the tools in his toolbox, and sometimes they work on small jobs together, like patching a hole in a wall.

Where does Estrella go after they return from the hospital?

When they return to their camp, Estrella climbs onto the roof of the old barn, and, in a continuation of this rich religious imagery, the shingles feel like “the serpent under the feet of Jesus” and Estrella stands on the roof “as immobile as an angel standing on the verge of faith.” In this symbolism that Viramontes …

What are the themes of Under the Feet of Jesus?

Under the Feet of Jesus Themes

  • The Value of Labor. In Under the Feet of Jesus, a family of Latino migrant workers travels through California in search of work on commercial farms. …
  • Motherhood. …
  • Race and Marginalization. …
  • Coming of Age. …
  • Consumerism and Environmental Destruction.

How does Estrella change in Under the Feet of Jesus?

By the end of the novel, Estrella has settled into her new position as head of her family and accepted that, due to her impoverished and socially disadvantaged status, her ability to protect them is extremely limited.