Quick Answer: What factors sparked the increase in building of churches in Western Europe?

What factors sparked the increase in building of churches in Western Europe at this time?

Terms in this set (10)

The need for buildings to house precious sacred relics, so pilgrims could come to venerate them. The growth of monasticism, which required more churches to be built to accommodate the growing number of priests and monks.

Why were the numbers of churches increased during the Romanesque period?

Increased during the Romanesque period, increasing need for grander churches and cathedrals. Monasteries were major landholders, and as such, abbots and priors were part of political power structure – reform movements sought a return to earlier monasteric austerity and spirituality.

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What factors gave rise to Romanesque architecture?

The continual movement of people, rulers, nobles, bishops, abbots, craftsmen, and peasants was an important factor in creating homogeneous building methods and a recognizable Romanesque style, despite regional differences.

How did religious architecture change during the Romanesque period?

While many churches continued to use barrel vaulting, during the Romanesque period, architects developed the ribbed vault, which allowed vaults to be lighter and higher, thus allowing for more windows on the upper level of the structure.

What major influences triggered the rise and development of Romanesque architecture in Europe?

1070-1170). The most important type of religious art produced during the Middle Ages, Romanesque design was influenced mainly by classical Roman architecture, as well as elements of Byzantine art, and Islamic art.

What experimental feature used by Romanesque builders at Durham Cathedral foreshadows developments of the Gothic era?

What experimental feature used by Romanesque builders at Durham Cathedral foreshadows developments of the Gothic era? stonework and lavish ornament.

How did the rise in pilgrimage in the Western church impact the design of churches by the 12th century?

The churches along pilgrimage roads housed weary travelers, provided opportunities for prayer and meditation along the spiritual journey, and even sold trinkets and souvenirs to remind pilgrims of their trip. This meant that churches developed some unique needs, and architectural styles had to change pretty quickly.

What led to the enormous investment in ecclesiastical building at the beginning of the Romanesque period?

These routes provided increased funding via the pilgrims to the monasteries and churches that held the venerated relics of saints. This increased funding also sparked an enormous investment in ecclesiastical buildings and furnishings in order to reflect “glory of God”.

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What led to the increased size of cathedrals during the Romanesque and Gothic periods?

What led to the increased size of cathedrals during the Romanesque and Gothic periods? Cathedrals needed to accommodate the growing practice of pilgrimage to visit holy relics. Which distinctive feature of the Notre Dame Cathedral allowed it to accommodate its large stained glass windows?

What ruins did the Romanesque church came from?

Romanesque Architecture

It is the rounded Roman arch that is the literal basis for structures built in this style. All through the regions that were part of the ancient Roman Empire are ruins of Roman aqueducts and buildings, most of them exhibiting arches as part of the architecture.

What are the main features of Romanesque pilgrimage churches?

Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semicircular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing …

Why did the pilgrimage churches undergo large scale building projects?

A church where pilgrims would worship. … Why did the pilgrimage churches undergo large scale building projects? to accommodate the rising number of visitors. Which is the best definition of the term Romanesque?

How did innovations change the architecture of churches and cathedrals in the High Middle Ages?

Terms in this set (10)

How did innovations change the architecture of churches and cathedrals in the High Middle Ages? By replacing the round barrel on the church with pointed arches, the church was able to reach higher towards god. Also the flying buttress was introduced.

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What is usually associated with the west facade of the Romanesque church?

Romanesque church facades, generally to the west end of the building, are usually symmetrical, have a large central portal made by its moldings or porch, and an arrangement of arched-topped windows.

What came before Romanesque architecture?

Pre-Romanesque art and architecture is the period in European art from either the emergence of the Merovingian kingdom in about 500 AD or from the Carolingian Renaissance in the late 8th century, to the beginning of the 11th century Romanesque period.